current electricity neet questions with solutions pdf

 Dear students in this page contains current electricity neet questions with solutions pdf. It also contains pdf for neet questions of class 12 physics chapter 3 current electricity jee questions, aiims important questions at one place to get you all prepared for your neetaiims ,jee main, advance exams as well as cbse board exams and other board exams. Visit my nawendu classes youtube channel for more help.

current electricity

1. Three resistances each of 4 Ω are connected to form a triangle. The resistance between any two terminals is 
           CBSE AIPMT 1993 
 Answer-  $\frac{8}{3}\Omega $ 
2. In the network shown in figure each resistance is 1Ω. The effective resistance between A and B is 
 CBSE AIPMT 1990  

Answer-$\frac{8}{7}\Omega $   
3. What will be the equivalent resistance of circuit shown in figure between two points A and D  ?
 CBSE AIPMT 1996  
equivalent resistance

Answer- 30 Ω 
4. . n equal resistors are first connected in series and then connected in parallel. What is the ratio of the maximum to the minimum resistance?
 CBSE AIPMT 1989  
 Answer-  ${{n}^{2}}$ 
5. The masses of the three wires of copper are in the ratio of 1:3:5 and their lengths are in the ratio of 5:3:1. The ratio of their electrical resistance is 
 CBSE AIPMT 1988  
 Answer- 125:15:1
6. You are given several identical resistances each of value R = 10 Ω and each capable of carrying a maximum current of 1A. It is required to make a suitable combination of these resistances of 5 Ω which can carry a current of 4 A. The minimum number of resistances of the type R that will be required for this job is 
 CBSE AIPMT 1990  
 Answer- 8 
7. n resistance each of r ohm, when connected in parallel given an equivalent resistance of R ohm. If these resistances were connected in series, the combination would have resistance in ohms, equal to
 CBSE AIPMT 2004    
Answer-  ${{n}^{2}}R$
8. Two wires of the same metal have same length, but their cross-sections are in the ratio 3:1. They are joined in series. The resistance of thicker wire is 10 Ω. The total resistance of the combination will be 
 CBSE AIPMT 1995  
 Answer- 40 Ω 
9. Seven resistances are connected as shown in the given figure . The equivalent resistance between A and B is 
            AIIMS 2009 
Seven resistances

Answer- 4 ohm
10. All resistances in the diagram are in ohm . Find the effective resistance between the points A and B .
             IIT 1980 

Answer- 2 ohm
11. The equivalent resistance between points A and B of the circuit given below is
               IIT 1987 
equivalent resistance

Answer- R/2
12. If a negligibly small current is passed through a wire of length 15 m and of resistance 5 Ω having uniform cross-section of  $6\times {{10}^{-7}}{{m}^{2}}$ , then coefficient of resistivity of material, is 
 CBSE AIPMT 1996  
 Answer-  $2\times {{10}^{-7}}\Omega m$  
13. Resistivity of potentiometer wire is  ${{10}^{-7}}\Omega m$  and its area of cross-section is  ${{10}^{-6}}{{m}^{2}}$ . When a current i = 0.1 A flows through the wire , its potential gradient is 
 Answer-  ${{10}^{-2}}v/m$  
14. When a wire uniform cross-section $\alpha $ , length l and resistance R is bent into a complete circle , resistance between two of diametrically opposite points will be 
 Answer- R / 4 
15. A wire of resistance 12 $\Omega {{m}^{-1}}$ is bent to form a complete circle of radius 10 cm. The resistance between its two diametrically opposite points A and B as shown in the figure is 
 CBSE AIPMT 2009   
A wire of resistance 12

Answer-  $0.6\pi \Omega $  
16. Same length of two identical wires are first connected is series and then in parallel , then the amount of heat produced in both the conditions are in ratio 
              AIIMS 2000 
Answer-  4:1
17. The value of current I in the circuit as shown in figure , is 
              AIIMS 1998 

Answer- 0.8 A
18. A wire of length L is drawn such that its diameter is reduced to half of its original diameter . if the initial resistance of wire were 10 ohm,  its new resistance would be 
              AIIMS 2003 
Answer-  160 Ohm
19. If a wire of resistance R is melted and re-casted to half of its length, then the new resistance of the wire will be 
 CBSE AIPMT 1995  
 Answer- R/4 
20. A wire of a certain material is stretched slowly by 10 percent. Its new resistance and specific resistance become respectively 
             CBSE AIPMT 2008 
Answer- 1.2 times, same 
21. A wire of resistance 4 Ω is stretched to twice its original length. The resistance of stretched wire would be 
             NEET 2013  
 Answer- 16 Ω 
22. The resistance of a wire is R ohm. If it is melted and stretched to n times its original length, its new resistance will be
              NEET 2017  
Answer-  \[{{n}^{2}}R\]  
23. Determine the current drawn from a 12V supply with internal resistance 0.5 ohm by the infinite network shown in Figure. Each resistor has 1Ω resistance.

Answer-  $1+\sqrt{3}\Omega $ , 3.7 A
24. Two metal wires of identical dimensions are connected in series. The if  ${{\sigma }_{1}}$  and ${{\sigma }_{2}}$ are the conductivities of the metal wires respectively, the effective conductivity of the combination is
             CBSE AIPMT 2015  
Answer-  $\frac{2{{\sigma }_{1}}{{\sigma }_{2}}}{{{\sigma }_{1}}+{{\sigma }_{2}}}$ 
25. If the resistance of a conductor is 5 Ω at 50°C and 7 Ω at 100°C, then the mean temperature coefficient of resistance (of the material) is 
             CBSE AIPMT 1996 
 Answer- 0.01 / ⁰C 
26. A silver wire has a resistance of 1.6 ohm at 25.5 degree and a resistance of 2.5 ohm at 100 degree , then temperature coefficient of resistance of silver is
               J & K CET 
 Answer-   $7.55\times {{10}^{-3}}{}^\circ {{C}^{-1}}$  
27. In the circuit of figure, the current in 4Ω resistance is 1.2 A, what is the potential difference between B and C? 
             CBSE AIPMT 1994 
In the circuit

Answer- 3.6 V 
28. Current through 3 Ω resistor is 0.8 A, then potential drop through 4 Ω resistor is 
            CBSE AIPMT 1993 

Answer- 4.8 V
29. Two batteries of emf 4 V and 8 V with internal resistance 1Ω and 2 Ω are connected in a circuit with a resistance of 9Ω as shown in figure. The current and potential difference between the points P and Q are 
            CBSE AIPMT 1988 

Answer-  1/3 A and 3 V
30. A 6 V battery is connected to the terminals of a 3 m long wire of uniform thickness and resistance of 100  $\Omega $ . The difference of potential between two points on the wire separated by a distance of 50 cm will be 
            CBSE AIPMT 2004 
 Answer- 1 V
31. The potential difference (${{V}_{A}}-{{V}_{B}}$) between the points A and B in the given figure is 
            NEET 2016  
potential difference

Answer-  +9 V
32. Five equal resistances each of resistance R are connected as shown in the figure. A battery of 4 V volts is connected between A and B. The current flowing in AFCEB will be  
            CBSE AIPMT 2004 
resistance R

Answer- V / 2R 
33. A cell has an emf 1.5 V. When connected across an external resistance of the 2 Ω , the terminal potential difference falls to 1.0 V. The internal resistance of the cell is
           CBSE AIPMT 2000 
 Answer- 1.0 Ω 
34. For a cell, the terminal potential difference is 2.2 V when circuit is open and reduces to 1.8 V when cell is connected to a resistance R = 5Ω , the internal resistance ( r ) of cell is 
           CBSE AIPMT 2002  
 Answer-  $\frac{10}{9}\Omega $  
35. A current of 2 A flows through a 2 Ω resistor when connected across a battery. The same battery supplies a current of 0.5 A when connected across a 9Ω resistor. The internal resistance of the battery is    
           CBSE AIPMT 2011                                                         
 Answer- 1 / 3 Ω
36. The internal resistance of a 2.1 V cell which gives a current of 0.2 A through a resistance of 10 Ω is 
            NEET 2013   
 Answer- 0.5 Ω 
37. A battery is charged at a potential of 15 V for 8 h when the current flowing is 10 A. The battery on discharge supplies a current of 5 A for 15 h , The mean terminal voltages during discharge is 14 V. The watt- hour efficiency of the battery is  
           CBSE AIPMT 2004 
Answer- 87.5% 
38. Two bulbs 25W ,220V and 100W , 220V are given which has higher resistance ? 
           CBSE AIPMT 2000 
Answer- 25 W bulb
39. An electric bulb marked 40W and 200V , is used in a circuit of supply voltage 100V Now, its power is 
               AIIMS 2002 
Answer- 10W
40. An electric bulb marked as 50 W-200 V is connected across a 100 V supply. The present power of the bulb is 
               WB JEE  
Answer-  12.5 W 
41. A  100 W 200V bulb is connected to a 160 V power supply. The power consumption would be 
            CBSE AIPMT 1997 
Answer-  64W
42. Two 220V , 100W bulbs are connected in first series and them in parallel. Each time of combination is connected to a 220 V AC supply line. The power drown by the combination in each case respectively will be 
            CBSE AIPMT 2003  
Answer- 50W, 200W
43. In India, electricity is supplied for domestic use  at 220 V. It is supplied at 110V in USA . If the resistance of a 60 watt bulb for use in India is R is the resistance of a 60 W bulb for use in USA will be
            CBSE AIPMT 2004 
Answer-  $\frac{R}{4}$ 
44. When three identical bulbs of 60 watt ,200V rating are connected in series to a 200 V supply , the power drown by them will be 
            CBSE AIPMT 2004 
Answer-  20W
45. Two electric bulbs rated 50W and 100V are glowing at full power, when used in parallel with a battery of emf 120V and internal resistance 10 ohm. The maximum number of bulbs that can be connected in the circuit when glowing is full power, is
             AIIMS 2008  
Answer-  4
46. If two bulbs of wattages 25 W and 100W respectively each rated by 220 V are connected in series with the supply of 440 V ,which bulb will fuse? 
             AIIMS 2010 
Answer- 25 W bulb 
47.  A current of 2A passing through a conductor produces 80 J of heat in 10s. The resistance of the conductor in ohm is 
             CBSE AIPMT 1989 
Answer-  2
48. Three equal resistors  connected In series across a source of emf together dissipated 10W of power. What will be power dissipated in watt if the same resistors are connected in parallel across  the same source of emf ? 
             CBSE AIPMT 1998 
Answer- 90
49. A heating coil is labelled 100W ,220V . The coil is cut in two equal halves and the two piece are joined in parallel to the same source . The energy liberated per second unit 
             CBSE AIPMT 1995 
Answer- 400 J
50. A $4\mu F$ Conductor is charged to 400V and then its plate are joined through a resistance of 1 kilo ohm . The heat produced in the resistance is
             CBSE AIPMT 1994 
Answer- 0.32 J
51. An electric kettle has two heating coils.  When one of the coil is connected to an AC source , the water in the kettle boils in 10 min. When the other coils is used the water boils in 40min . if both the coils are connected in parallel the time taken by the same quantity of water to boil will be 
             CBSE AIPMT 2003 
Answer- 8min
52. A ${{5}^{\circ }}C$  rise in temperature is observed in a conductor by passing a current. When the current is doubled the rise in temperature will be approximately
             CBSE AIPMT 1998 
Answer- ${{20}^{\circ }}C$  
53. A 5A  fuse wire can withstand and maximum power of 1W in a circuit . the resistance of the fuse wire is 
            CBSE AIPMT 2005 
Answer- 0.04 ohm
54. Power dissipated across the 8 ohm resistor in the circuit shown here is 2 W . The power dissipated in watt units across the 3 ohm resistor is
           CBSE AIMPT  2006 
Power dissipated

Answer- 3.0
55. The total power dissipated in watts in the circuit shown here is 
            CBSE AIPMT 2007 
power dissipated

Answer- 54
56. A current of 5 A passes through a copper conductor ( resistivity = \[1.7\times {{10}^{-8}}\Omega m\] ) of  radius of cross-section 5 mm. Find the mobility of the charges, if their drift velocity is  $1.1\times {{10}^{-3}}$ m/s. 
           IIT 2019 Main ,10 April II 
Answer-   $1.0{{m}^{2}}/Vs$ 
57. The equivalent resistance between P and Q in the figure is approximately. 
The equivalent resistance

Answer- 5 ohm 
58. When 5V potential difference is applied across a wire of length 0. 1 m, the drift speed of electrons is  $25\times {{10}^{-4}}m{{s}^{-1}}$. If the electron density in the wire is  $8\times {{10}^{28}}{{m}^{-3}}$ the resistivity of the material is close to 
          IIT 2015 Main 
Answer- $1.6\times {{10}^{-5}}\Omega m$  
59. If power dissipated in the 9 ohm resistor in the circuit shown is 36 W, the potential difference across the 2 ohm resistor is
           CBSE AIPMT 2011 
If power dissipated in the

Answer -  10 V 
60. An electric kettle takes 4 A current at 220 V. How much time will take to boil 1 Kg of water from temperature 20 degree centigrade ?
          CBSE AIPMT 2008 
 Answer-   6.3 minute 
61. A current of 3 A flows through the 2 ohm resistor shown in the circuit. The power dissipated in the 5 ohm resistor is 
          CBSE AIPMT 2008 

Answer-   5W
62. The current (i) in the given circuit is 
         CBSE AIPMT 1999 
in the given circuit is

Answer- 2 A 
63. Three resistance P , Q , R each of 2 Ω and an unknown resistance S from the four arms of a Wheatstone bridge circuit. When a resistance of 6 Ω is connected in parallel to S the bridge gets balanced. What is the value of S ? 
         CBSE AIPMT 2007 
 Answer- 3 Ω 
64. In a Wheatstone bridge resistance of each of the four sides is 10 Ω . If the resistance of the galvanometer is also 10 Ω then effective resistance of the bridge will be
         CBSE AIPMT 2001 
 Answer- 10 Ω 
65. A bridge circuit is shown in figure. The equivalent resistance between A and B will be
         CBSE AIPMT 2000 
equivalent resistance

Answer-  $\frac{14}{3}\Omega $  
66. A potentiometer consists of a wire of length 4 m and resistance 10 Ω. It is connected to a cell of emf 2 V. The potential gradient of wire is 
          CBSE AIPMT 1999 
Answer- 0.5 V / m 
67. In a Wheatstone bridge, all the four arms have equal resistance R. If the resistance of the galvanometer arm is also R, the equivalent resistance of the combination as seen by the battery is
           CBSE AIPMT 2003 
 Answer- R
68. Determine the current in each branch of the network shown in Figure.

Answer- Current in branch AB = (4/17) A,
                       in BC = (6/17) A, in CD = (–4/17) A,
                       in AD = (6/17) A,
                        in BD. = (–2/17) A, 
                        total current = (10/17) A
69. A cell can be balanced against 110 cm and 100 cm of potentiometer wire, respectively with and without being short circuited through a resistance of 10 Ω. Its internal resistance is 
           CBSE AIPMT 2008 
 Answer- 1.0 Ω 
70. In meter bridge , the balancing length from left is found to be 20 cm when standard resistance of 1 Ω is in right gap. The value of unknown resistance is 
          CBSE AIPMT 1999   
 Answer- 0.25 Ω
71. The mean free path of electrons in a metal is 4 x 10-8 m. The electric field which can give on an average 2 eV energy to an electron in the metal will be in unit of Vm-1 
          CBSE AIPMT 2009  
Answer-  $5\times {{10}^{7}}$  
72. See the electrical circuit shown in this figure. Which of the following equations is a correct equation for it?                       
            CBSE AIPMT 2009   
See the electrical circuit

Answer- ${{\varepsilon }_{1}}-\left( {{i}_{1}}+{{i}_{2}} \right)R-{{i}_{1}}{{r}_{1}}=0$  
73. If voltage across a bulb rated 220 V-100 W drops by 2.5% of its rated value, the percentage of its rated value by which the power would decrease is 
          CBSE AIPMT 2012 
Answer-  5% 
74. In the circuit shown, the cells A and B have negligible resistances. For  ${{V}_{A}}=12V$ ,  ${{R}_{1}}=500\Omega $  and R= 100 Ω the galvanometer (G) shows no deflection, The value of VB is
          CBSE AIPMT 2012 

Answer- 2 V 
75. The resistances in the two arms of the meter bridge are 5Ω and RΩ , respectively. When the resistance R is shunted with an equal resistance, the new balance point is at 1.6 ${{l}_{1}}$. The resistance R, is   
           CBSE AIPMT 2014 
 Answer- 15Ω 
76. A potentiometer circuit has been set up for finding the internal resistance of a given cell. The main battery, used across the potentiometer wire, has an emf of 2.0 V and a negligible internal resistance. The potentiometer wire itself is 4 m long. When the resistance R, connected across the given cell, has values of (i) infinity, (ii) 9.5 Ω the balancing lengths, on the potentiometer wire are found to be 3 m and 2.85 m, respectively. The value of internal resistance of the cell is 
          CBSE AIPMT 2014  
 Answer- 0.5Ω 
 77. Two cites are 150 Km apart. Electric power is sent from one city to another city through copper wires. The fall of potential per km is 8 V and the average resistance per km is 0.5 ohm. The power loss in the wire is
          CBSE AIPMT 2014 
Answer-  19.2 kw 
78. A potentiometer wire has length 4 m and resistance 8 Ω. The resistance that must be connected in series with the wire and an accumulator of emf 2V , so as to get a potential gradient 1 mV per cm on the wire is
          CBSE AIPMT 2015 
 Answer- 32 Ω
 79. A potentiometer wire of length L and a resistance r are connected in series with a battery of e.m.f. ${{E}_{0}}$ , and a resistance ${{r}_{1}}$ .  An unknown e.m.f. is balanced at a length l of the potentiometer wire. The e.m.f. E will be given by 
          CBSE AIPMT 2015  
 Answer-  $\frac{{{E}_{0}}r}{(r+{{r}_{1}})}\cdot \frac{l}{L}$ 
80. A potentiometer wire is 100 cm long and a constant potential difference is maintained across it . Two cells are connected in series first to support one another and then in opposite direction. The balance points are obtained at 50 cm and 10 cm from the positive end of the wire in the two cases. The ratio of emf is
           NEET 2016  
Answer- 3 : 2
81. The resistances of the four arms P,Q,R and S in a Wheatstone bridge are 10 Ω, 30 Ω , 30 Ω and 90 Ω respectively. The emf and internal resistance of the cell are 7 V and 5Ω respectively. If the galvanometer resistance is 50 Ω, the current drawn from the cell will be 
          NEET 2013  
 Answer- 0.2 A 
82. In the figure shown , the capacity of the condenser C is 2$\mu F$ . The current in 2 ohm resistor is 
           AIIMS 2007 

Answer-  0.9A
83. The voltage of clouds is  $4\times {{10}^{6}}$  V with respect to ground. In a lighting strike lasting 100 ms, a  charge of 4C is delivered to the ground . The power of lighting strike is 
            AIIMS 2006 
Answer- 160MW
84. 6 ohm and 12 ohm resistors are connected in parallel. This combination is connected in series with a 10 V battery and 6 ohm resistor. What is the potential difference between the terminals of the 12 ohm resistor? 
             AIIMS 2012 
 Answer-  4 V 
85. Charge passing through a conductor of cross-section area A = 0.3 \[{{m}^{2}}\] is given by q =3${{t}^{2}}$ + 5t + 2 in coulomb, where t is in second. What is the value of drift velocity at t = 2 s ? (Given,  $n=2\times {{10}^{25}}/{{m}^{3}}$ )
              AIIMS 2012 
Answer-  $1.77\times {{10}^{-5}}m/s$   
86. A capacitor of capacitance 5 $\mu F$ is connected as shown in the figure. The internal resistance of  the cell is 0.5 ohm. The amount of  charge on the capacitor plate is 
                AIIMS 2011 

Answer-  $10\mu C$ 
87. There are N cells in the circuit of figure. The emf and internal resistance of each cell is E and r respectively. The points A and B in the circuit divide the circuit into n and  N – n cells. The current in the circuit is
                  AIIMS 2013 
in the circuit

Answer-  E / r 
88. Consider the diagram shown below.

 A voltmeter of resistance 150 ohm is connected across A and B . The potential drop across B and C measured by voltmeter is
                    AIIMS 2015 
 Answer- 31 V
 89. In the arrangement shown in figure, the current through 5 ohm resistor is
                    AIIMS 2015 

Answer-  2A 
90. The charge following through a resistance R varies with time t as  $Q=at-b{{t}^{2}}$ ,where a and b are positive constants. The total heat produced in R is 
          NEET 2016  
Answer - $\frac{{{a}^{3}}R}{6b}$ 
91. A filament bulb [500 W, 100 V] is to be used in a 230 V main supply, When a resistance R is connected  in series ,it works perfectly and the bulb consumes 500 W. The value of R is
 NEET 2016   
Answer- 26 ohm 
92. The n rows each containing m cells in series are joined in parallel. Maximum current is taken from this combination across an external resistance of 3 ohm. lf the total number of cells used is 24 and internal resistance  of each cell is 0.5 ohm, then
                      AIIMS 2016 
 Answer-  m = 12, n = 2 
93.  A cylindrical conductor AB of non-uniform area of cross-section carries a current of 5A. the radius of the conductor at one end A is 0.5 cm. the current density at the other end of the conductor is half of the value at A. The radius of the conductor at the end B is nearly 
                     AIIMS 2017 
Answer-  0.7 cm 
94. Two batteries, one of emf 18V and internal resistance 2 ohm and the other of emf 12V and internal resistance 1 ohm are connected as shown. The voltmeter V will record a reading of
                      AIIMS 2017, CBSE AIPMT 2005 
Two batteries

Answer-  14V 
95. In the following diagram, the current through 2 ohm resistor is 
                      AIIMS 2018  

Answer- 9/2  A 
96.  A 25 W and a 100W bulbs are joined in series and connected to the mains . Which bulb will glow brighter ? 
         IIT 1979  
Answer- 25 w 
97. In a potentiometer experiment, it is that no current passes through the galvanometer when the terminals of the cell are connected across 52 cm of the potentiometer wire. If the cell is shunted by a resistance of 5 ohm, a balance is found when the cell is connected  across 40 cm of the wire. Find the internal resistance of the cell. 
         IIT 2018 Main  
Answer- 1.5 ohm 
98. A resistance is shown in the figure Its value and tolerance are given respectively by,
         IIT 2019 Main ,9 April I 

Answer- 27 k ohm,10% 
99. A uniform metallic wire has a resistance of 18 ohm and is bent into an equilateral triangle .Then, the resistance between any two vertices of the triangle is
         IIT 2019 Main ,10 jan I 
Answer-  4 ohm 
100. A copper wire is stretched to make it 0.5% longer. The percentage change in its electrical resistance , If the volume remains unchanged is 
        IIT 2019 Main ,9 jan I 
Answer- 1.0 % 
101. Figure  shows a potentiometer with a cell of 2.0 V and internal resistance 0.40 ohm maintaining a potential drop across the resistor wire AB. A standard cell which maintains a constant emf of 1.02 V (for very moderate currents upto a few mA) gives a balance point at 67.3 cm length of the wire. To ensure very low currents drawn from the standard cell, a very high resistance of 600 kilo ohm is put in series with it, which is shorted close to the balance point. The standard cell is then replaced by a cell of unknown emf E and the balance point found similarly, turns out to be at 82.3 cm length of the wire. 

(a) What is the value E? 
(b) What purpose does the high resistance of 600 kilo ohm have? 
(c) Is the balance point affected by this high resistance? 
(d) Would the method work in the above situation if the driver cell of the potentiometer had an emf of 1.0V instead of 2.0V?
 (e) Would the circuit work well for determining an extremely small emf, say of the order of a few mV (such as the typical emf of a thermo-couple)? If not, how will you modify the circuit? 
Answer-  (a) E = 1.25 V. 
(b) To reduce current through the galvanometer when the movable contact is far from the balance point. (c) No.
 (d) No. If E is greater than the emf of the driver cell of the potentiometer, there will be no balance point on the wire AB.
 (e) The circuit, as it is, would be unsuitable, because the balance point (for ε of the order of a few mV) will be very close to the end A and the percentage error in measurement will be very large. The circuit is modified by putting a suitable resistor R in series with the wire AB so that potential drop across AB is only slightly greater than the emf to be measured. Then, the balance point will be at larger length of the wire and the percentage error will be much smaller.

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